Hypotrichosis - congenital ichthyosis
This syndrome is characterised by congenital ichthyosis and hypotrichosis. It has been described in three members of a consanguineous Arab Israeli family. The syndrome is transmitted as an autosomal recessive trait and is caused by a missense mutation in the ST14 gene, encoding the recently identified protease, matriptase. Analysis of skin samples from the patients suggests that this enzyme plays a role in epidermal desquamation.